Loan verb integration in Michif *

Abstract : This paper looks at the different ways French (and English) loan verbs are being integrated in Michif, a mixed language (the noun system is French, the verbal one is Cree) based upon two dictionaries of the language. The detailed study of the available data has shown that loan verbs are almost exclusively assigned to the VAI class, i.e. a class of verbs whose single core argument is animate. This seems natural enough given that the overwhelming majority of them do have an animate core participant in the donor language as well. Still, quite a few of them can be transitive. This is accounted for by claiming that VAI is the most 'neutral' inflectional class of Cree as far as morphology and argument structure are concerned as verbs in this class can be syntactically both intransitive and transitive. Finally, all of the loan verbs examined have Cree equivalents and so the claim that they were borrowed because of the lack of a corresponding Cree verb in the language is difficult to accept at face value.
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Contributeur : Anton Antonov <>
Soumis le : jeudi 4 octobre 2018 - 18:18:59
Dernière modification le : mercredi 10 octobre 2018 - 01:16:47
Document(s) archivé(s) le : samedi 5 janvier 2019 - 12:37:16


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  • HAL Id : hal-01880101, version 1



Anton Antonov. Loan verb integration in Michif *. Journal of Language Contact, Brill Online Books and Journals edition In press. ⟨hal-01880101⟩



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