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Chapitre D'ouvrage Année : 2016

Teaching Chinese modals: the case of habitual HUI 会

Enseigner les verbes modaux chinois : le cas de l'emploi habituel de HUI

试论汉语情态动词“会”的惯常用法及其教学

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Résumé

We investigate here difficulties met in a French classroom by intermediate-level students with a secondary use of epistemic modal huì, i.e. its habitualuse. We argue that the habitual use (triggered by frequency adverbials such as mĕi dào ‘each time’ + VP) and the sporadic use (triggered by adverbials such as yǒushí‘sometimes’) should be taught at the intermediate level. Habitual huì shows a specific temporal frame: it may be used for past habitual events, and thus departs from other epistemic uses of modal huì, which are basically restricted to future events.Unlike English, which may use a modal irrealis verb ‘will, would’ that reminds us of irrealis huì, French most often just uses present and imperfective past tense to mark habitual events. A specific mention to habitual and sporadic uses of huì thus becomes useful for French L1 learners, and for Japanese L1 learners as well.
本文从教学的角度讨论情态动词“会”的惯常用法。这类“会”往往和频率副词共现,如:“我每到一个国家,也基本上都会找机会乘坐当地的火车…”(北大语料,网络语料),可以看作是属于认识情态的“会”的一个下位意义,表示在某种条件下必然出现的事态。论文根据法语母语者的实际学习情况,主张在中级阶段有必要把惯常义项从其他义项分出来加以说明。习得困难的一个因素是“会”所出现的惯常句往往表述过去的事态,如:“据说,冬日里我们的屋里八面透风,炕上冰凉,夜间连杯子里的残茶都会冻上。”(《正红旗下》),在法语里译成未完成过去时,与指向未然的其他义项相距很远。我们还讨论“有时会~”一类表示偶发事态的“会”及其在法语里的对应形式。
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Dates et versions

hal-01502377 , version 1 (05-04-2017)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01502377 , version 1

Citer

Christine Lamarre. 试论汉语情态动词“会”的惯常用法及其教学. 张旺熹 ZHANG Wangxi. 汉语国际教育学报 Hànyǔ Guójì Jiàoyù Xuébào [Journal of International Chinese Education], 1, 科学出版社 Kēxué Chūbǎnshè, pp.111-137, 2016, 978-7-03-051225-3. ⟨hal-01502377⟩
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