北方官话里表示可能的动词词尾“了”

Abstract : In Standard Chinese, V-C resultative compounds form [V-DE-C] potential patterns, i.e. an infix DE is inserted between the verb V and the resultative complement C. However, a significant part of northern dialects do not use the [V-DE-C] pattern. Based on fieldwork data and second-hand data, we investigate here another pattern [V-C-LIAO], prevalent in some parts of Shanxi and Shandong, and show the relationship between suffix LIAO/LAO/LOU in affirmative and negative potential forms [V-C-LIAO] and [V-BU-LIAO] on one hand, and the cognate perfective marker on the other. We also discuss the geographical distribution of the northern potential pattern [V-C-LIAO], and provide a preliminary typology of its subtypes.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
中国语文 Zhōngguó Yǔwén [Studies of the Chinese Language], 社会科学文献出版社, 1995, 4, pp.267-278
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https://hal-inalco.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01492385
Contributeur : Christine Lamarre <>
Soumis le : samedi 18 mars 2017 - 20:27:17
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:19:18

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  • HAL Id : hal-01492385, version 1

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Christine Lamarre. 北方官话里表示可能的动词词尾“了”. 中国语文 Zhōngguó Yǔwén [Studies of the Chinese Language], 社会科学文献出版社, 1995, 4, pp.267-278. 〈hal-01492385〉

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