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Article Dans Une Revue 中国语文 Zhōngguó Yǔwén [Studies of the Chinese Language] Année : 1995

Potential suffix LIAO in Northern Mandarin

Le suffixe potentiel LIAO dans les dialectes mandarins du nord

北方官话里表示可能的动词词尾“了”

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Résumé

In Standard Chinese, V-C resultative compounds form [V-DE-C] potential patterns, i.e. an infix DE is inserted between the verb V and the resultative complement C. However, a significant part of northern dialects do not use the [V-DE-C] pattern. Based on fieldwork data and second-hand data, we investigate here another pattern [V-C-LIAO], prevalent in some parts of Shanxi and Shandong, and show the relationship between suffix LIAO/LAO/LOU in affirmative and negative potential forms [V-C-LIAO] and [V-BU-LIAO] on one hand, and the cognate perfective marker on the other. We also discuss the geographical distribution of the northern potential pattern [V-C-LIAO], and provide a preliminary typology of its subtypes.
结果补语可能式,在普通话里把“得”字插在动词和结果补语之间,即以[V得C]形式来表现:例如“拿得动”。可是北方方言中有不少方言不用这个形式。本文主要考察山西、山东等地区部分方言的[VC了]式可能补语。首先对语言材料进行初步整理和分析,然后讨论这种可能词尾“了”、完成貌词尾“了”与“去不了”的“了”三者之间的关系,再推论[VC了]与[V得C]这两种形式中表示可能的“了”与“得”的功能。本文还寻求方言调查时,针对[VC了]式可能补语的最合适的语法例句,也涉及到用这个形式的方言的地理分布及其不同类型,希望能促进对这个语法现象的实际调查工作。
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Dates et versions

hal-01492385 , version 1 (18-03-2017)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01492385 , version 1

Citer

Christine Lamarre. 北方官话里表示可能的动词词尾“了”. 中国语文 Zhōngguó Yǔwén [Studies of the Chinese Language], 1995, 4, pp.267-278. ⟨hal-01492385⟩
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