Les marqueurs d'évidentialité indirecte en inuktitut : expérience vécue ou pas ?

Abstract : In Inuit, grammaticalized semantic categories, i.e., those which must always be encoded in order to transmit information, may be included among the derivational morphemes preceding the inflection in a word. This occurs notably with time, though the ways in which time is grammaticalized vary from one dialect to another. This paper is intended to show that this is also so, at least to some extent, of indirect evidentiality in Nunavik Inuktitut, the dialect spoken in the Arctic region of Quebec. This will become clear only if the prevailing view of certain very frequent bound morphemes is revised. Four evidentiality markers involving some degree of grammaticalization are examined. Analysis shows that -nniq- or -lirniq- must be used to speak of a past which is outside the speaker’s (conscious) experience; -viniq will be used for something the speaker can no longer experience as such within the lapse of time referred to by the utterance; -tsaq is required for something the speaker cannot yet experience within the lapse of time referred to by the utterance; and -guuq will appear when the speaker reports someone else’s views. Direct evidentiality markers do not seem to be grammaticalized.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Amerindia, Association d'Ethno-linguistique Amérindienne, 2016, Questions de sémantique inuit / Topics in Inuit Semantics, pp.145-176
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [9 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://hal-inalco.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01411743
Contributeur : Marc-Antoine Mahieu <>
Soumis le : jeudi 8 décembre 2016 - 18:09:23
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:27:17
Document(s) archivé(s) le : lundi 20 mars 2017 - 23:24:51

Fichier

Mahieu M.-A. - Les marqueurs d...
Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité - Pas d'utilisation commerciale - Pas de modification 4.0 International License

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01411743, version 1

Collections

Citation

Marc-Antoine Mahieu. Les marqueurs d'évidentialité indirecte en inuktitut : expérience vécue ou pas ?. Amerindia, Association d'Ethno-linguistique Amérindienne, 2016, Questions de sémantique inuit / Topics in Inuit Semantics, pp.145-176. 〈hal-01411743〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

126

Téléchargements de fichiers

108