北方话的“动词+趋向补语+处所名词”格式

Abstract : This paper discusses the constraints weighing on the semantic role of postverbal locative phrases in three northern Chinese dialects when encoding a change of location. In Standard Mandarin, directional complements may introduce various locative phrases, like for instance in pǎo-shàng lóu ‘run up the stairs’ or (bǎ chē) kāi-guò qiáo ‘drive (the car) across the bridge, and these postverbal locative phrases take accordingly various semantic roles such as the source, the route, or the goal of the motion. In many non-standard Mandarin dialects, however, canonical directional complements are excluded from these constructions, where the locative phrase is typically introduced by a goal marker (whose function is similar to that of Standard Mandarin dao in kāidao chēzhàn ‘drive to the station’). The dialects chosen here to illustrate such types are the Jìzhōu dialect of Héběi, and the Yǒngshòu dialect of Shǎnxī, two dialects belonging to different subgroups of Mandarin dialect, in which only goal phrases are allowed after the verb when expressing a change of location. We show here that a third type can be found in Shānxī in the Jìn dialect of Lánxiàn, where directional complement are allowed to introduce locative phrases after the verbs (like in Standard Mandarin), but where these locative phrases are nevertheless restricted to those expressing the goal of the motion, like in many non-standard northern Mandarin dialects. As a consequence, the respective role played by directional complements and by locatives in expressing the path of motion differs in these dialects.
Type de document :
Chapitre d'ouvrage
QIAO Quansheng 乔全生. Dì sān jiè Jìn fāngyán guójì xuéshù yántǎohuì lùnwénjí 《晋方言研究 ——第三届晋方言国际学术研讨会论文集》[Studies on Jin Dialects: Selected Papers of the 3rd International Conference on Jin Dialects], 希望出版社 Xīwàng Chūbǎnshè, pp.215-222, 2008, 978-7-5379-4241-6
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https://hal-inalco.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01385788
Contributeur : Christine Lamarre <>
Soumis le : samedi 22 octobre 2016 - 13:28:12
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:19:18

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Christine Lamarre. 北方话的“动词+趋向补语+处所名词”格式 . QIAO Quansheng 乔全生. Dì sān jiè Jìn fāngyán guójì xuéshù yántǎohuì lùnwénjí 《晋方言研究 ——第三届晋方言国际学术研讨会论文集》[Studies on Jin Dialects: Selected Papers of the 3rd International Conference on Jin Dialects], 希望出版社 Xīwàng Chūbǎnshè, pp.215-222, 2008, 978-7-5379-4241-6. 〈hal-01385788〉

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