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High evolutionary and functional distinctiveness of endemic monocots in world islands

Abstract : Functionally and evolutionarily distinct species have traits or an evolutionary history that are shared by few others in a given set, which make them priority species for biodiversity conservation. On islands, life in isolation has led to the evolution of many distinct forms and functions as well as to a high level of endemism. The aim of this study is to assess the evolutionary and functional distinctiveness of insular monocotyledons and their distribution across 126 islands worldwide. We show that evolutionary and functional distinctiveness are decoupled but that both are higher on islands than on continental areas. Anagenesis on islands followed by extinctions and/or diversification on the mainland may have led to highly evolutionarily distinct species while functionally distinct species may have arisen from ecological niche shift or niche expansion. Insular endemic species with high evolutionary distinctiveness but not with high functional distinctiveness are significantly range-restricted compared to less distinct species, possibly indicating differences in dispersal potential. By showing that distinctiveness is high on islands and that the most distinct species are range-restricted, our study has important conservation implications. Indeed, islands are among the most threatened systems of the world, and extinctions of the most distinct species could lead to significant loss of phylogenetic and functional diversity.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 30, 2021 - 4:53:32 PM
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Simon Veron, Anna Kondratyeva, Marine Robuchon, Philippe Grandcolas, Rafaël Govaerts, et al.. High evolutionary and functional distinctiveness of endemic monocots in world islands. Biodiversity and Conservation, Springer Verlag, In press, ⟨10.1007/s10531-021-02272-x⟩. ⟨hal-03329183⟩



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