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Assessing the dynamics of hybridization through a matrix modelling approach

Abstract : Hybridization affects the evolution and conservation status of species and populations. Because the dynamics of hybridization is driven by reproduction and survival of parental and admixed individuals, demographic modelling is a valuable tool to assess the effects of hybridization on population viability, e.g., under different management scenarios. While matrix models have been used to assess the long-term consequences of hybridization between crops and wild plants, to our knowledge they have not been developed for animal species. Here, we present a new matrix population model to project population dynamics in a system with two parental species or populations that interbreed. We consider the dynamics of males and females of the two parental groups as separate components, each described by species-specific vectors of initial abundance and projection matrices. Then we model hybridization as the production of hybrid fertile offspring due to the interaction of reproductive individuals of different parental species. Finally, we apply the model to two real-world case studies regarding a terrestrial and a marine mammal species in the presence of hybridization. Specifically, we investigate 1) the genomic extinction probability of two interbreeding dolphin species within a semi-enclosed gulf in Greece, under different hybrids’ fitness scenarios, 2) the possible outcomes of wolf x dog hybridization events for an expanding wolf population in Italy, under different reproductive isolation scenarios, 3) the sensitivity of the probability of genomic extinction to the main demographic parameters in the two case studies.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03367102
Contributor : Olivier Gimenez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 8, 2021 - 3:33:52 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 12:14:36 PM

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Nina Luisa Santostasi, Paolo Ciucci, Giovanni Bearzi, Silvia Bonizzoni, Olivier Gimenez. Assessing the dynamics of hybridization through a matrix modelling approach. Ecological Modelling, 2020, 431, pp.109120. ⟨10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2020.109120⟩. ⟨hal-03367102⟩

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